"Even if you are on the right track, you’ll get run over if you just sit there."~ Will Rogers

Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation ( I am told this is the place to go for aptitude testing and counseling. "It's expensive, but it is worth every penny, because you end up doing work you love," says a friend who got the counseling first for herself, during a midlife transition at 40, and then for her kids, just graduating from college)

How Much Should I Charge (Writers and Editors, Pricing Strategies, How to Set Rates, and Other Survival Basics)

"Writing is the only profession where no one considers you ridiculous if you earn no money."
~ Jules Renard, French writer (1864-1910)


"It is a funny thing about life; if you refuse to accept anything but the best, you very often get it." ~ W. Somerset Maugham

Seven Tips for Freelancers: Looking for Work Online (Cynthia Haggard, 11-12-08, reprinted at QuinnCreative)

“When I say 'work' I only mean writing. Everything else is just odd jobs.”
~Margaret Laurence

"A writer's inspiration is not just to create. He must eat three times a day."
~ Pierre Beaumarchais

“A few years ago, a fellow professor stopped at my door and said, 'You're here in your office more than my full-time colleagues,' and I replied, 'Writers don't retire, they just go out of print.' With electronic publication, even that doesn't have to happen.”
~James Gunn

Quick Links

Find Authors

Job banks, publishing marketplaces

Where to find writing and editing jobs, gigs, clients, marketplaces

Job banks

Many organizations for writers, editors, journalists, indexers, and other service providers have their own job banks and referral services, generally for use only by members and potential employers, service purchasers, or licensees of rights. Remember that when you are looking to hire someone, and check out relevant listings for specialty organizations.

As for figuring out how much to charge, remember the all-important questions (and this doesn't generally apply to writing magazine articles, for which the pay these days is totally inadequate):
How long will a writing job take (the hardest thing to learn how to estimate realistically)?
How much is your time worth?
How high a fee or price will the market for that product bear (in a local market or an industry market)?
How eager are you for the work--or how willing to walk away from a job or project?

For other resources, check Local and Regional Organizations. Networking with a local group may be one of the best ways to find jobs and outlets for your writing and editing.

The following sites and the listings they post have NOT been vetted for quality, reliability, etc. If you have reason to believe any of these sites should not be listed, please let us know -- and tell us why. Is any useful site missing?

Job Banks and Publishing Marketplace

The quality of the gigs and level of pay at these sites vary greatly.

• ACES Jobs board (American Copy Editors Society, freelance and staff copyediting jobs for ACES members and others)
• American Medical Writers Association (AMWA), paid ad listings available to AMWA's 5,600 members
• Aquarius.net (online marketplace for translation and localization projects--for translators, interpreters, subtitlers, multilingual copywriters, localization engineers, and multilingual DPT specialists)
• Aquent (agency for marketers and designers)
• Artisan Creative, a creative staffing agency that places talent of many kinds (after screening for actual talent): writers, coders, designers (print and graphic design, Web, broadcast design, production, UI interaction, etc.), social media strategist, Drupal theme developers, and many other freelance specialties. See Open Jobs list.
• ASBPE job bank (American Society of Business Publications Editors)
• Association of American University Presses (AAUP) jobs page
• Association of Writers and Writing Programs (AWP,career placement for members only)
• BBC Vacancies search and apply
• BiblioCrunch (a literary services marketplace and platform that matches indie authors with publishing professionals (a community of rated and reviewed publishers, authors, designers, editors, proofreaders, conversion specialists, marketers, app developers and enhanced eBook experts).
• Blogging Pros job board
• Bookjobs.com (jobs and internships in book publishing)
• CareerOneStop (basic jobseeker tools, U.S.Dept of Labor)
• Communications Roundtable (PR, marketing, advertising, and communications professionals

• Copyediting Job Board
• Council of Science Editors job bank
• Craigslist media jobs
• Creative Hotlist
• Dice.com (tech jobs)
• Editor & Publisher (jobs page for E&P, which publishes newspaper industry news)
• Editorial Freelancers Association (EFA) Job List
• Ed2010 (young magazine editors share job and other info)
• Elance ((where companies can outsource to vastly underpaid freelance professionals)
• eLearning Guild Job Board (for eLearning professionals)
• Finding Work (KOK Edit's excellent Knowledge Base, geared to editors and with descriptions of jobs boards)
• FlexJobs
• Foundation Center's Job Bulletin (sign up for weekly summary of recent job postings in Philanthropy News Digest)
• FreelanceDaily.net and Freelancedaily.net FAQ. Subscription $97 a year, but there is a free one-week trial to see if it suits your needs. Posts job leads 5 days a week. compiled listings from craigslist and other job boards.
• Freelance Mailing List (job links for publishing professionals)
• Freelancer.com (outsourcing for small businesses)
• FreelanceSwitch Job Board (design, development, writing, illustration, Flash, and miscellaneous jobs)
• Freelance Writers Search (ASJA) , formerly Dial-a-Writer
• Freelance Writing Jobs, (FWJ, relistings of writing gigs, comments from the site's fairly active community)
• Freelance Writing jobs page
• Freelance-Zone.com (freelance jobs, resources page)
• FreshWebJobs (FWJ, a job board for Web pros)
• Glassdoor ("an inside look at jobs & companies). If you are job-hunting, you may appreciate this free inside look at jobs and companies (with salary info, company reviews, and interview questions — all posted anonymously by employees. Here, for example, are employee reviews of Author Solutions. The HR Capitalists writes, Is Glassdoor Going the Way of Yelp? (allowing negatively reviewed companies to change the review). The "pros" and "cons" formats of the reviews offers helpful insights into companies. You can search under a category, such as reviews of book publishing companies.
• Gorkana Alert (job opportunities in journalism and/​or PR)
• GovLoop (government jobs)
• Guru.com (find, hire, and manage affordable freelancers--and, freelancers, you know what that means!)
• The Hittlist (formerly Jobslist -- Emma Hitt's free subscription email sent out weekly (usually on Tuesday morning) with info about science/​medical writing/​editing jobs, both staff and freelance)
• IABC Job Centre (International Association of Business Communicators--new jobs fewer than 7 days old available only to IABC members)
• Indeed, as reviewed on this interesting review site (Viewpoints): PROS:easy to use interface (7), pulls job postings from all websites (6), minimal advertising (5), good overview of jobs in a location(3), one stop job shopping (1). CONS: sometimes unreliable results (5), inconvenient (2), repeat job postings even if job is filled (2), jobs lie about salary (1).
• IRE and NICAR job listings (Investigative Reporters and Editors and the National Institute for Computer-Assisted Reporting)
• Journajobs.eu
• JobsCoop -- Nonprofit Jobs Cooperative (a one-stop source for job seekers searching for nonprofit jobs, and for employers to easily publish job opportunities within specific regions)
• Journalism.co.uk
• JournalismJobs.com (Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism site, geared to West coast)
• Journalism.net's Journalism Jobs
• The Journalism Shop (former Los Angeles Times staffers for hire)
• Krop (job board and career resource website for creative professionals -- design, Web, general creative)
• The Ladders (executive jobs)
• Ladies Who Launch (Vendor Matching Service in Partnership with Resource Nation For Women in Small Business)
• Mashable's Job Bank (digital and tech jobs)
• MPA Job Bank (Association of Magazine Media)
• Media Bistro job listings. Galley Cat also offers Scoop Jobs ("let your next job find you"), jobs and recruiting for media professionals in journalism, online content, book publishing, TV, radio, PR, graphic design, photography, and advertising.
• Media Job Pod (job search advice for multimedia journalists and production majors)
• MediaMatch jobs board ("your daily link with the tv and film industry")
• MinOnline (media and publishing jobs)
• Miscellaneous journalism job sites (SPJ, Journalist's Toolbox)
• Monster Board (huge jobs database searchable by location, job category, or keyword)
• The Monster List of Freelance Job Sites – 2011 Edition (Freelance Switch--you may have to pay to look at some jobs)
• Morning Coffee (updated freelance writing jobs in newsletter issued on Tuesdays)
• M Squared (a headhunter)
• National Association of Science Writers (NAWS) , jobs list goes to members who subscribe
• NatureJobs.com (recruiting for science jobs--search on "writer" or "editor," etc.)
• Ned Lundquist's Job of the Week (JOTW, jobs for communications professionals)
• NewsJobs.net (links to other job sites, including large publishers' sites)
• News Nerd Jobs (Code Out Loud). The news business needs people who can code in the public interest and build the digital news products of tomorrow
• nSight (Boston-based temp service and headhunter for editorial professionals)
• oDesk. Online work teams, particularly popular in Silicon Valley. Remote staffing for long-term work -- employers hire, manage, and pay a distributed team as if everyone were in their office.

• PeoplePerHour (buy and sell freelance services)
• Poynter job search
• ProBlogger Job Board (for bloggers)
• Programmer Meet Designer (a site for programmers,web developers,designers, entrepreneurs and writers to find each other and work together to create websites that look and function great)
• PR Talent (fulltime and freelance communications work)
• Publishing Professionals Network job opening (formerly BookBuilders West)
• Retired Brains (retirement work)
• STC Job Bank (Society for Technical Communication)
• Student Freelance
• Simply Hired (job board aggregator)
• SPJ job bank (Society of Professional Journalists)
• STC Job Bank (job listings for technical communicators)
• Sunoasis Jobs
• Textbroker (providing custom content)
• Top 30 Job Sites for Careers in Broadcast Journalism (Molly Canfield, Journalism Journeyman 6-14-11)
• Twitter Job Finder (Journal Crunch)
• USAJobs (one-stop site for all federal U.S jobs and employment information)
• Washington Book Publishers job resources




Academic budget cuts, rising tuition, and the decline in professorships
(for those considering academia as your base, from which you will write)
The closing of American academia (Sarah Kendzior, Aljazeera, 8-20-12) The plight of adjunct professors highlights the end of higher education as a means to prosperity.
• Gap Widens for Faculty at Colleges, Report Finds (Tamar Lewin, NY Times, 4-8-13). “Public colleges and universities, reeling from immediate and long-term cutbacks in their state funding, have sought to reduce spending on the back of their students, increasingly substituting lower-paid contingent faculty members for more fairly paid tenure-track faculty members,” reports the American Association of University Professors.
• Academia's indentured servants (Sarah Kendzior, Aljazeera, 4-11-13). Outspoken academics are rare: most tenured faculty have stayed silent about the adjunct crisis.
• Adjuncting Mystery (Steve Saideman's Semi-Spew, 4-9-13)
• The PhD's Job Crisis: Why Professorships Are Dwindling and Adjuncts and Postdocs Are on the Rise (Online PhD.org). Budget cuts and the higher education crisis.
• The Future of the MLA Job List (AcademHack, 9-18-12)
• Is Graduate School a Cult? (Thomas H. Benton, The Chronicle of Higher Education, 6-28-04)


Aptitude Testing Resources
• Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation (an expensive, top-notch facility for testing aptitude and personal strengths and providing career counseling). This firm's site has some interesting articles and links to other resources, such as
• Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality inventory
• Keirsey Temperament Sorter
• Self-Directed Search

The Best-Paid Moonlighting Jobs in America (Kimberly Palmer, U.S. News & World Report, 8-23-12)

Boxers, Briefs and Books. John Grisham's op-ed piece on what hard work writing is, one theme of the forthcoming collection Don’t Quit Your Day Job: Acclaimed Authors and the Day Jobs They Quit, ed. by Sonny Brewer (with stories by Grisham, Pat Conroy, Rick Bragg, and many other authors).

Content mills (sweat shops for writers)
This is a mere sampling of negative things you'll hear about content mills.
• Master Content Mill List (Entrepreneur Cure)
• The Answer Factory: Demand Media and the Fast, Disposable, and Profitable as Hell Media Model (Daniel Roth, Wired Magaine, 10-19-09). "Plenty of other companies — About.com, Mahalo, Answers.com — have tried to corner the market in arcane online advice. But none has gone about it as aggressively, scientifically, and single-mindedly as Demand. Pieces are not dreamed up by trained editors nor commissioned based on submitted questions. Instead they are assigned by an algorithm, which mines nearly a terabyte of search data, Internet traffic patterns, and keyword rates to determine what users want to know and how much advertisers will pay to appear next to the answers."
• Content Mill Demand Media Expands Its Reach -- To More Newspapers! (Erik Sherman, CBS MoneyWatch, 5-21-10) "For its normal web pieces, a typical Demand Media rate for an article of a few hundred words is $7.50, with copy editing paying about $3.50 an article, according to many freelancers I've communicated with who work for Demand."
• Erik Sherman's pieces on Demand Studios
• Content farm (Wikipedia-- firms that use freelancers to generate "large amounts of textual content which is specifically designed to satisfy algorithms for maximal retrieval by automated search engines"
• Writers Explain What It's Like Toiling on the Content Farm (Corbin Hiar, MediaShift, 7-21-10)
• How Much Are Examiner.com Writers Really Earning? (Writers Weekly, 5-13-09)
• Are Content Mills the Future of Online Publishing? (Aaron Wall, author of SEOBook--read his blog )
• 3 Ways to Escape the Content Mills and Earn More as a Freelance Writer (Linda Formichelli, The Renegade Writer, 5-21-12)
• Here’s the Escape Hatch for Writers Who Want to Leave the Low-Pay Grind (Carol Rice, Make a Living Writing...practical help for hungry writers). See also In Which I Confront Content Mill Owners About Their Rates…In Person

Contently (powering the next generation of publishing). Described by Columbia Journalism Review as a new platform to connect journalists and publishers . "Contently aims to help journalists to build their brand online and connect them with publishers looking for writers." The Contently platform is said to "streamline your editorial calendar and add efficiency to content creation--for agencies and high-volume publishers." The Content Network "empowers professional journalists and bloggers to build careers doing what they love." Through that network, Contently publishers can "scale up freelance talent for projects and ongoing work with our vetted Network of magazine-quality writing talent." We'll see how it all works out later. Report on your experiences!


44 Resume Writing Tips (Daniel Scocco, DailyWritingTips 5-19-08)

Freelance editing rates in Australia on Jean Weber's site, Technical Editors' Eyrie (Resources for Technical Editors)

Freelancer Directories
Many writers and journalists organizations have begun offering freelance directories, so for publishers and clients looking for an independent writer, journalist, editor, etc. make sure you're listed in the directory of organizations to which you belong -- and join the ones whose directories are likely to be searched. I'll list more as you make me aware of them:
• Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ's list of independent journalists)
• Editorial Freelancers Association (search by state, skill, specialty, hardware, software)
• Find a personal historian (Association of Personal Historians, to help Mom and Pop write their memoirs)
• Publishers Marketplace (not an organization but a place to announce your availability!)
• Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ)

How Much Should I Charge? (Writers and Editors, Pricing Strategies, How to Set Rates and Fees, and Other Survival Basics)

'Huffington Post' Employee Sucked Into Aggregation Turbine. Horrified Workers Watch As Colleague Torn Apart By Powerful Content-Gathering Engine (The Onion's delightful take on Huffington Post as a Content Mill 2-2-12)

Job Hunters Bible, online job search resource hosted by Dick Bolles, author of What Color is Your Parachute?


Journalism jobs
• Miscellaneous journalism job sites
• J-Jobs (Berkeley Graduate School of Journalism, University of California at Berkeley)
• Journajobs.eu
• Journalism.net (journalism jobs)
• The Journalism Shop (former L.A. Times staffers for hire), an example of how to market one's services
• Journalism.co.uk
• News Nerd Jobs (Code Out Loud). The news business needs people who can code in the public interest and build the digital news products of tomorrow
• Media Job Pod (job search advice for multimedia journalists and production majors)

Lessons Learned in Auditioning for Job (Alina Tugend, NY Times, 12-3-10, on how to handle prospective employers' requests to produce creative samples or give business advice -- when to do it and how to protect your work).

LinkedIn, this social-networking-for-business site can be a good place to find gigs IF you join and PARTICIPATE in specific social networks. People who like what you say when you join a conversation may check out your profile. And you can build a network of your own by connecting with connections of your connections!


Occupational Outlook Handbook (useful guide from the U.S. Department of Labor, about the most common career fields, job trends, educational requirements etc.)

100 best places to live and launch (CNN Money)

A one-minute story may be key to a storied career (Penelope Trunk, Seattle Post-Intelligencer 7-6-03)

O*NET OnLine (detailed descriptions of the world of work for use by job seekers, workforce development and HR professionals, students, researchers, and more--conceived by U.S. Department of Labor as a definitive resource for counselors, educators, human resource specialists, and the public to learn more about occupations)

Online Job Search Resources (Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation, an expensive, top-notch facility for testing aptitude and personal strengths and providing career counseling)

Publishers Marketplace (free) and Publishers Lunch Deluxe ($20 a month). Lunch Deluxe gets you daily e-mails listing new deals in book publishing and news about sales, reviews, agents, editors, and the industry, as well as access to Who Represents (database of authors and their agents). You needn't subscribe to Lunch Deluxe for access to the Publishers Lunch Job Board, and Publishers Marketplace is a good place to advertise your services (e.g., as a ghostwriter).

Top 30 Job Sites for Careers in Broadcast Journalism (Molly Canfield, Journalism Journeyman 6-14-11)

The Wealthy Freelancer: 12 Secrets to a Great Income and an Enviable Lifestyle by Steve Slaunwhite, Ed Gandia, and Pete Savage (available by Kindle or as paperback). The blog: The Wealthy Freelancer


DIRECTORIES OF MAGAZINES, NEWSPAPERS, AND OTHER PUBLICATIONS
You won't find mastheads on all of these, but you can check out the publications.

The Practicing Writer. On this website, Erika Dreifus sells three e-books for writers, including the "Guide to No-Cost Literary Contests and Competitions," "Directory of Paying Essay Markets," and "Directory of Paying Markets for Book Reviewers." For $6.95 I decided to check out the directory of paying essay markets. Strangely, it did not include The New Yorker, Atlantic Monthly, Newsweek ("My Turn"), the New York Times Magazine, Salon, or any of the women's magazines, all of which pay much better than most of the publications listed. Perhaps this is because she listed only publications that posted writers guidelines, with pay rates, on their websites--but this excludes most of the best and best-paying essay markets. Save your money.

Websites, organizations, and other resources

A GREAT READ
Blog roll, too
and communities of book lovers
Best reads and most "discussable"
Fact-finding, fact-checking, conversion tables, and news and info resources
Recommended reading
long-form journalism, e-singles, online aggregators
BOOK AND MAGAZINE PUBLISHING
New, used, and rare books, Amazon.com and elsewhere
Blogs, social media, podcasts, ezines, survey tools and online games
How much to charge and so on (for creative entrepreneurs)
And finding freelance gigs
Blogs, video promotion, intelligent radio programs
See also Self-Publishing
Indie publishing, digital publishing, POD, how-to sources
Includes original text by Sarah Wernick
WRITERS AND CREATORS
Multimedia, cartoons, maps, charts and so on
Plus contests, other sources of funds for creators
Copywriting, speechwriting, marketing, training, and writing for government
Literary and commercial (including genre)
Writing, reporting, multimedia, equipment, software
Translators, indexers, designers, photographers, artists, illustrators, animators, cartoonists, image professionals, composers
including academic writing
Groups for writers who specialize in animals, children's books, food, gardens, family history, resumes, sports, travel, Webwriting, and wine (etc.)
Writers on offices, standing desks, rejection, procrastination, and other features of the writing life
ETHICS, RIGHTS, AND OTHER ISSUES
Contracts, reversion of rights, Google Books settlement
Plus privacy, plagiarism, libel, media watchdogs, FOIA, protection for whistleblowers
EDITORS AND EDITING
And views on the author-editor relationship