The newspaper's job is to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable. ~adapted from a longer quotation of Mr. Dooley, a character created by Finley Peter Dunne

" The truth isn't always beauty, but the hunger for it is."~ Nadine Gordimer

**Read Lane DeGregory's Letter to a Young Journalist (Gangrey, 9-16-13), to remind yourself how wonderful journalism can be. Looking back to when she started, Lane writes, "I wish I hadn’t thought I had to be so smart." And "Instead of trying to stay out of the story, I wish I had shared myself more."

Why I left news (Allyson Bird). After this blog post went viral, she posted another: In response to the response .

"Many journalists have fallen for the conspiracy theory of government. I do assure you that they would produce more accurate work if they adhered to the cock-up theory."
—Bernard Ingham

War Reporting for Bloody Dummies (Chris Chafin, The Awl, 7-17-13). If you face danger, considering taking the all-day course offered by Reporters Instructed in Saving Colleagues (RISC) (dedicated to promoting the safety of journalists in combat zones-- training and equipping freelance journalists to treat life-threatening injuries on the battlefield. "RISC doesn't claim to be giving its students tools to keep safe. Rather, its main focus is on 'avoiding the four preventable deaths on the battlefield'...: tension pneumothorax (pressure changes in the body mainly due to explosions), hypothermia, suffocation due to a blocked airway, and hemorrhaging. "Blood is precious," she said,"and if we keep it inside ourselves, all of our systems work a lot better." Hence, learning to apply a tourniquet, etc.

Why I left news (Allyson Bird on quitting journalism because she was overworked and underpaid, Sticky Valentines). And Heather Mallick's response, who writes, "This is where I part company with Bird, who left because she didn’t want an all-consuming job. The definition of journalism is its demand for immersion."

Their So-Called Journalism, or What I Saw at the Women’s Mags (Hillary Rosner, Tooth & Claw, 2-9-12). Why you might not be getting the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth from the big women's magazines.

'Huffington Post' Employee Sucked Into Aggregation Turbine. Horrified Workers Watch As Colleague Torn Apart By Powerful Content-Gathering Engine (The Onion's delightful take on Huffington Post as a Content Mill 2-2-12)

"When the reporter in you is finished, then the writer in you has to lock the reporter out of the room. And when the writer in you is finished, then the editor in you has to lock the writer out of the room."
~ Samuel G. Freedman, quoting a colleague in Letters to a Young Journalist

"It's easy to make a buck. It's a lot tougher to make a difference."
~ news anchor Tom Brokaw

"The time to begin writing an article is when you have finished it to your satisfaction. By that time you begin to clearly and logically perceive what it is that you really want to say."
~ from Mark Twain's Notebook (1902-1903) as quoted on the
Mark Twain quotes site.

iReporter Tim Krause reports to CNN and Good Morning America from his porch on the Wisconsin flood of 2010, using Skype, video, and other multimedia technology

"Reality is that which, when you stop believing in it, doesn’t go away."
~ Philip K. Dick, novelist

"We were misinformed. The Web didn't kill mediators. It made them stronger. The way a company makes big money on the Web is by skimming little bits of money off a huge number of transactions, with each click counting as a transaction. (Think trillions of transactions.) The reality of the web is hypermediation, and Google, with its search and search-ad monopolies, is the king of the hypermediators....

"Google's algorithm is based on reading 'links' as votes for content. Every time a website links to another website, Google reads that link as a vote.
The brilliance of the Google algorithm is its ability to figure out which votes should count more. But without those links, without those 'votes,'Google has nothing. What Google 'steals' from every website isn't the content - it's the links."
~ Nicholas Carr, Google in the Middle, Rough Cuts blog

"If your mother says she loves you, check it out."
~ Journalists' motto

"Round and round this goes, with the people committed to saving newspapers demanding to know 'If the old model is broken, what will work in its place?' To which the answer is: Nothing. Nothing will work. There is no general model for newspapers to replace the one the internet just broke....

"With the old economics destroyed, organizational forms perfected for industrial production have to be replaced with structures optimized for digital data. It makes increasingly less sense even to talk about a publishing industry, because the core problem publishing solves — the incredible difficulty, complexity, and expense of making something available to the public — has stopped being a problem."
~Clay Shirky, in an interesting explanation of the revolution we're going through now, in Why iTunes is not a workable model for the newspaper business

". . .without a truly free and independent press, this 250-year-old experiment in self-government will not make it. I am no romantic about journalism. Some of my best friends are journalists. We are all fallen creatures, like everyone else. But I believe more fervently than ever that as journalism goes, so goes democracy."
~Bill Moyers in a speech to the National Conference on Media Reform

"To love what you do and feel that it matters — how could anything be more fun?"
~ Katharine Graham

“Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.”
~ Thomas Jefferson

"Every journalist has a novel in him, which is an excellent place for it."
~Russell Lynes

"Journalism is literature in a hurry."
~ Matthew Arnold

"Some of the qualities that go into making a good reporter — aggressiveness, a certain sneakiness, a secretive nature, nosiness, the ability to find out that which someone wants hidden, the inability to take "no" with any sort of grace, a taste for gossip, rudeness, a fair disdain for what people will think of you and an occasional and calculated disregard for rules — are also qualities that go into making a very antisocial human being."
~ Linda Ellerbee, And So It Goes

"Being a reporter is as much a diagnosis as a job description."
~ Anna Quindlen, in The New York Times (1993)

Quick Links

Find Authors

Journalism and journalists

You will find various specialized types of writing and journalism (automotive, trucking, snowsports, animal, etc.) under Specialty writing. A number of organizations will be found under Local and regional organizations.

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Artful Journalistic Interviewing

• The Mike Wallace Interview (read and listen to some classic Sixty Minutes interviews by the master, as archived by the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin)
• Our Favorite Mike Wallace Stories (60 Minutes Overtime)
• The Art of the Interview, ESPN-Style (David Folkenflik, NPR, 8-14-06)
• Katie Couric on how to conduct a good interview (YouTube Reporters' Center, 6-26-09) "You need to use your questions as a template but you have to be willing to listen and really veer off in a different direction. I can't stand it when people don't have an ability to do that."
• Beyond Question: Learning the Art of the Interview (Sandhya Nankani and Holly Epstein Ojalvo, The Learning Network, NY Times 9-20-10) How do interviewers craft and pose questions? How can questions open doors to information, shed light on important subjects and invite subjects to open up?
• The Art of Interviewing: How Journalists Can Get the Best Out of an Interview (Newspaper Publishing, Suite 101)
• The Art of the Interview (TED Talk by Marc Pachter, former head of the National Portrait Gallery, discussing his living self-portrait series--a series of interviews with amazing people--and the secrets to successful interviews).
• What to ask in a life story or oral history interview (on a somewhat different tack, but helpful links)
• Paris Review "Writers at Work" Interviews (selections from 1953 on, a gift to the world, and with a single click you can view a manuscript page with the writer's edits)
• You Don't Say Ann Hornaday's piece about reinventing the celebrity interview (Washington Post, 8-5-07)
• Academy of Achievement (a museum of living history--with archives of interviews in the arts, business, public service, sports, and so on)
• Archive of American Television (chronicling electronic media history as it evolves)
• Charlie Rose archives (you could spend months listening--and learn a lot)
• The Interview Archive (BBC)
• Modern Writers (BBC Interviews with remarkable authors, not available to listeners in U.S.)
• Great interview questions and guides ( Links to excellent sets of questions for life story or oral history interviews.
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Covering public and private tragedy and trauma

• Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma (a resource for journalists who cover violence)
• International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS)
• Tragedies & Journalism: a guide for more effective coverage (Dart Center, PDF), includes Tips for photojournalists who respond to tragedies.
• Media Wise (links to excellent pieces on covering trauma and conflict)
• Violence: Comparing Reporting and Reality (Fact sheet, Sara Tiegreen and Elana Newman, Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma)
• Local Tragedy, National Spotlight (Joe Hight, Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma)
• Breaking Bad News (download free booklet from Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma)
• Help with emotional interviews (Chip Scanlan, Poynter, 2-23-05, updated 3-2-11) See also Lessons Learned: Handling Emotional Interviews, Part 2
• Covering Crime & Justice (NewsLab links to internet resources)
• Criminal Justice Journalists (founded in 1997, publishes Understanding Crime Statistics). Not all links on this site worked for me. Be persistent.
• Public Death, Private Grief (Dart Center video, Professor Ari Goldman uses the Bruce Ivins case to examine how far a journalist can and should go when reporting on a suicide)
• Grief in the Gulf (Dart Center). The Deepwater Horizon oil spill is different from a war or an earthquake, but the traumatic impact is just as real. The challenge to journalists is to report the slow-motion disaster while seeking stories of resilience and possible recovery.
• The EVAs (Eliminating Violence Against Women Media Awards)
• Case Consortium@​Columbia (the official web site for the Case Consortium @​ Columbia by Columbia University; includes newsroom scenarios for professors, students, schools).
• Covering Disasters (Quick Tips, Dart Center)
• Dart Awards for Excellence in Coverage of Trauma
• Reporting War (PDF, Dart Center--recommendations for meeting the emotional challenges of covering war, from a group of seasoned veterans)
• The Craft of Trauma Journalism (Winners of the 2009 Dart Awards for Excellence in Coverage of Trauma discuss journalistic craft and answer questions in a panel discussion at Columbia University)
• Tragedies and Journalists (a 40-pageDart Center guide to help journalists, photojournalists and editors report on violence while protecting both victims and themselves)
• Suicide coverage: time to take stock(MediaWise)
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Covering disability, mental illness, and suicide prevention

National Center on Disability and Journalism (NCDJ)
• NCDJ Style Guide, how to use appropriate language--for example, when is it appropriate to use the terms "handicapped" or "disabled." General, physical disability, visually impaired, hearing impaired, mental and cognitive disability/​seizure disorders.
• Tip sheets for reporters (NCDJ)
• Representing Disability in an Ableist World: Essays on Mass Media by Beth A. Haller (see Haller's links to disability resources)
• Mediadis&dat (news and information about people with disabilities and disability issues)
• Journalist's Toolbox (SPJ, resources on disability and accessibility)
• (information and technical assistance on the Americans with Disabilities Act, U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division)
• Social Media Guidelines for Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention (PDF, TeamUp, Entertainment Industries Council). Tips for organizations and individuals communicating about mental health and suicide on social media to reduce stigma, increase help-seeking behavior and help prevent suicide.
• How to Use Social Media
for Suicide Prevention
((PDF, TeamUp, Entertainment Industries Council). See
other resources from EIC.
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Investigative Reporting

• Californians Aware (CalAware) (The Center for Public Forum Rights). Helping citizens, public servants and journalists keep Californians aware of critical facts and choices through access to public records, freedom to speak, assemble, or report, freedom from fear for whistleblowing, etc.
• Center for Public Integrity
• Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ)
• Fund for Investigative Journalism (FIJ) Supporting investigative reporting projects around the world.
• The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, a project of the Center for Public Integrity
• International Reporting Project (IRP, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University)
• Investigate West, a new model for investigative journalism about the Pacific Northwest
• Investigative News Network (INN) (advancing sustainability and excellence in nonprofit journalism)
• Investigative Reporters & Editors (IRE)
• The Media Consortium (supporting powerful, passionate, independent journalism)
• (originally a source on tropical forests; now raising awareness about social and environmental issues relating to forests and other ecosystems)
• (Center for Responsive Politics)
• Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism
• ProPublica (journalism in the public interest -- a nonprofit investigative journalism organization)
• Word Has It (Project Word's blog). Here's how Project Word came about.

• Extra! Extra! IRE's guide to latest investigative reporting
• New survey reveals everything you think about freelancing is true (David Uberti, Columbia Journalism Review, 2-17-15) freelancers have abandoned at least several hundred investigations over the past five years due to a lack of resources, according to a new survey conducted by the advocacy group Project Word.
• New Media, Old Problem (Project Word blog) " media companies like Gawker, Huffington Post, and Newsreel can profit exactly because they tend to aggregate other people’s work, rely on cheap opinion instead of expensive reporting, and do not really fund investigative reporting—all the while diverting audiences from legacy media that do (or did)." ... “In a world where aggregated content and new devices lure audiences and advertisers, how will substantial, diverse, expensive public-interest reporting survive?”
• Investigative Journalists and Digital Security (Jesse Holcomb, Amy Mitchell, Kristen Purcell, Pew Research Center, 2-5-15) "About two-thirds of investigative journalists surveyed (64%) believe that the U.S. government has probably collected data about their phone calls, emails or online communications, and eight-in-ten believe that being a journalist increases the likelihood that their data will be collected." Most have little confidence that ISPs can protect their data; they are split on how well their organizations protect them against surveillance and hacking.
• Kickstarter adds journalism and crafts to its categories. And The Guardian promotes some investigative stories funded by Kickstarter
• The New York Times Navigator (Rich Meislin). Links to many internet sites of use to working reporters.
• Small Pieces, Loosely Joined: On the End of Big News (Nicco Mele, Nieman Reports, Spring 2013). Fascinating analysis of what's happening to newspapers, and especially to investigative journalism--with some hints of new ways to support it.
• An extremely expensive cover story — with a new way of footing the bill Zachary M. Seward, Nieman Journalism Lab. Sherri Fink's 13,000-word story about the New Orleans hospital where patients were euthanized in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, a New York Times Magazine cover story that is simultaneously available on ProPublica's site, may be "the most expensive single piece of print journalism in years." The new economics of journalism. Investigative journalism is labor-and-brain-intensive! Mother Jones on the same story: Cost of the NYT Magazine NOLA Story Broken Down (Clara Jeffery, Mother Jones 8-28-09)
• An Online Upstart Roils French Media, Politics (Eleanor Beardsley, All Things Considered, NPR, 7-1-13). Great story on public radio about Mediapart, a new French Internet company and approach to investigative journalism: It "will never accept advertising. And he calls entertainment and its opinion pieces the real enemies of good journalism. 'My opinion against your opinion, my point of view against your point of view, my religion against your religion, my community — that's the sort of disorder of opinion,' he says. 'A democratic culture needs information.' "
• Stories must 'shock and amaze' for the new Investigations Fund to take off, says Stephen Grey ( Judith Townend,, 6-24-09). How a group of elite journalists hopes to rescue investigative reporting in the UK
• STATS (nonpartisan analyses of how numbers are distorted and statistics misunderstood)
• Story-Based Inquiry: A manual for investigative journalists (free PDF, in English, French, Arabic, or Chinese, from UNESCO)

Investigative Reporting Resources (Padraic Cassidy's great links for investigative journalism--a tutorial on the Web). ome of the sites linked to:
---Breaking and Entering: How to dissect an organization (Eric Nalder, Seattle Times)
---Five Easy Pieces: The S.E.C. Starter Kit and other tips for checking out companies
---How to Conduct a Historical Investigation
---Spreadsheets 101 tutorial on Excel by Ted Sherman and Padraic Cassidy. Much more is there. Check it out, and thanks, Padraic Cassidy.
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Citizen Journalism

• Center for Citizen Media (encouraging grassroots media, especially citizen journalism)
• CyberJournalists.Net (Online News Association, with tips, news, commentary re online and citizen journalism and digital storytelling)
• The new age of citizen journalism (audio of the Jarvis/​Darnton panel on citizen journalism, CJR)
• Your Guide to Citizen Journalism (Mark Glaser, MediaShift, PBS, 9-27-06)
• List of citizen journalism sites (SourceWatch)
• Part I: The Unspoken Peril for "Citizen Journalists," Part 1 (Danielle Elliot, Rhonda Roland Shearer, MediaEthics, 1-13-09). There are many other stories on the subject on MediaEthics.
• HuffPo’s “Citizen Journalism” Under Fire (Rachelle Matherne, SixEstate Communications 2-15-11)
• Enter Austin Post: New online venture seeks to create a 'conversational democracy' (Kevin Brass, Austin Chronicle, 7-10-09, on how "citizen journalism" may be an aggregation of "sloppy bloggers" in a system offering exposure for personal agendas instead of payment for professional journalism).
• Citizen Journalism (Mashable stories)
• Proposed: Citizen journalists should fill gaps in ‘information ghettos’ (Tracie Powell, Poynter, 7-2-12)
• The pros and pros of 'citizen journalism' (Jason Stverak, Online Journalism Review, 3-12-10) and The pros and cons of newspapers partnering with 'citizen journalism' networks (Gerry Storch, OJR, 2-26-10)
• Citizens As Budding Writers And Editors (J.D. Lasica, American Journalism Review, July/​August 1999). In 1999: "WHERE WILL ONLINE JOURNALISM be in five or 10 years? In the hands of more and more regular folks, who may not even think of themselves as journalists. The Internet has long held out the ideal of Everyman as publisher--ordinary citizens who take back journalism from the professional class. As the Web matures, we're starting to see a flourishing of community journalism, a phenomenon that has both distant roots and a promising future."
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Online journalism

• BBC News Interactivess and Graphics
• ScribbleLive (software that allows court reporters to live-blog court proceedings and send their updates to Twitter
• How a small newspaper used iPads to bend the rules of reporting (Tim Sohn, The News Hook, 4-9-13)
• NewsVroom, a mobile classroom, community outreach — and funky-looking — van that visits a number of sites each month (Cathy Hirko, York Daily Record
• Participatory journalism: what to watch in 2012 (Redefining journalism's Blog, a research site exploring participatory journalism)
• Risks Abound as Reporters Play in Traffic (David Carr, Media, NY Times, 3-23-14). What will happen if journalists' compensation is tied to the amount of web traffic and/​or articles they generate?
• 2012: The Apocalypse and the final year of journalism (Mike Brannen, FirstDraft, the SPJ generation, which, alas, allows subheads like "Allow stories the length it deserves")
• People: The most valuable part of a story (Quill magazine video) (video, Brett Junvik, SPJ, on getting to know the local people and letting them help you tell an authentic international story)
• How a small newspaper used iPads to bend the rules of reporting (Tim Sohn, E-byline's The News Hook--conversation about the future of media)
• Online Journalism: Reporting, Writing, and Editing for New Media by Richard Craig
• The State of Online Journalism Today: Controversial (Jane Friedman)
• Journalists toolbox
• Journalists & Booggers Toolbox blog
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Blogs by, for, and about journalists and the media
• Behind the News: CJR on the media (Columbia Journalism Review)
• Center for Media and Democracy (PR, countering PR propaganda, informing citizen activism, promoting media literacy, sponsoring open-content media). See also Source Watch (citizens and journalists looking for documented information about the corporations, industries, and people trying to influence public policy and public opinion)
• Nieman Watchdog (questions the press should ask)
• On the Media (NPR's invaluable weekly show)
• Poynter Online (Romenesko, Scanlan, Clark and others)
•The Press Box (Jack Shafer's column at Slate; here's the archive and The three tides of JS's Daily News Cycle)
• Press Think (Jay Rosen's blog: Ghost of Democracy in the Media Machine)
•The Public Editor's Journal (Arthur S. Brisbane is current "readers' representative" for the NY Times)
•Regret the Error: Mistakes Happen (Craig Silverman reports on corrections, retractions, clarifications, and trends regarding accuracy and honesty in the media), with a special category for fabrication.
• Spin Cycle (Howard Kurtz's blog for The Daily Beast); formerly he wrote Media Notes (Washington Post)
• MediaGazer (today's media news headlines
• David Carr: The News Diet Of A Media Omnivore (Fresh Air interview on NPR). Carr writes a column on media issues for the Monday Business section of the NY Times.
• Page One: Inside The New York Times (documentary about the New York Times newsroom, and the "inner workings of the Media Desk." Addresses the question: what will happen if the fast-moving future of media leaves behind the fact-based, original reporting that helps to define our society? Available on Netflix Streaming.)
• BuzzMachine
• Teaching online journalism (Mindy McAdams)
• Journajunkie (a blog about all things journalism)
• Pew Research Journalism Project (packed with useful, interesting stories)
• Net worked (SPJ, tomorrow's digital journalism today)
• Newspaper Death Watch
• Blogging for journalists
• Global Voices
• 91 Journalism Blogs and Websites You Will Love (Jeremy Porter, Journalistics, 12-22-09)
• Finding local blogs (Jonathan Dube, Poynter, 6-7-05)
• NY Times blogs. But see ‘Almost half’ of the NYTimes’s blogs will close or merge (Andrew Beaujon, Poynter, 6-25-14)
• SPJ Blogs Network (Society of Professional Journalists)
• Online journalism blog
• Strong Language (a sweary blog about swearing) (NSFW, meaning "not safe for work")
• Stuff Journalists Like and The List (of things journalists like)
• 50 blogs by journalists, for journalists (Journalism UK's links to blogging journalists, blogging mobile reporters and blogging journalism academics in the U.K.)
• The 40 Best Blogs for Journalism Students (Open Education Database, 7-16-12)
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Sites and resources for journalists and news junkies

Artisanal Journalism (Structure of News, on (Re)Structuring Journalism, 6-11-12). Talking about data structure and site design is not as sexy as discussing wonderful tales of narrative journalism. But it’s just as important, sez this post.

Bob Woodward and Ben Bradlee interviewed (about Watergate, about journalism--excellent interview for Academy of Achievement). See the Academy of Achievement website for more fascinating interviews, in the arts and other fields.

Can We Tape? A Practical Guide to Taping Phone Calls and In-Person Conversations in the 50 States and D.C. (with a state-by-state guide). (Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Fall 2008)

Contently (powering the next generation of publishing). Described by Columbia Journalism Review as a new platform to connect journalists and publishers . "Contently aims to help journalists to build their brand online and connect them with publishers looking for writers." The Contently platform is said to "streamline your editorial calendar and add efficiency to content creation--for agencies and high-volume publishers." The Content Network "empowers professional journalists and bloggers to build careers doing what they love." Through that network, Contently publishers can "scale up freelance talent for projects and ongoing work with our vetted Network of magazine-quality writing talent." We'll see how it all works out later. Report on your experiences!

Covering children and trauma (PDF, Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma)

Covering various beats (Slim guides from the Association of Health Care Journalist, on Covering obesity, medical research, hospitals, the quality of health care, the health of local nursing homes, health in a multicultural society, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's website and data resources). Also online, archived issues of HealthBeat

Covering tragedies (PDF, Dart Center for Journalism and Trauma)

Disability and the media
• National Center on Disability and Journalism (NCDJ)
• NCDJ Style Guide, how to use appropriate language--for example, when is it appropriate to use the terms "handicapped" or "disabled." General, physical disability, visually impaired, hearing impaired, mental and cognitive disability/​seizure disorders.
• Tip sheets for reporters (NCDJ)
• Representing Disability in an Ableist World: Essays on Mass Media by Beth A. Haller (see Haller's links to disability resources)
• Mediadis&dat (news and information about people with disabilities and disability issues)
• Journalist's Toolbox (SPJ, resources on disability and accessibility)

Document Cloud, created by journalists from ProPublica and The New York Times as an online repository of source documents. From an interesting story in the newsletter of the Association of Health Care Journalists: "Explore how the Las Vegas Sun used DocumentCloud to present hospital inspection reports, and the violations they contained, to its readers": an interactive graphic created by combining Document Cloud with Flash "to make the reports searchable and more meaningful to the public"

The Editors (BBC News' blog on dilemmas and issues BBC faces, welcoming comments)

The Editor's Desk (thoughts on editing for print and online media, with an emphasis on U.S. newspapers and news websites)

Editors Only: The Newsletter of Editorial Achievement (discussing the changing nature of content delivery), sister pub to STRAT: The Newsletter of Print and Online Magazine Publishing Strategy

Fact checking and fact checkers

• Top fact-checking sites (Great search links, Writers and Editors)
• Urban Legends/​Fact-Checking (SPJ, Journalist's Toolbox)
• The Medium (Michael Erard, The Morning News) Fact-checking is unusual in his article about “young” sign languages, only three or four generations old, which spring up all over the world, mainly in isolated villages where there’s a high prevalence of deafness.
• The need to edit opinion pieces (Andy Bechter, The Editor's Desk, 11-5-13)
• Q&A with Deborah Strange, Dow Jones News Fund intern (Andy Bechtel, Editor's Desk, 10-13-13)
• Q&A with Ashley Leath, copy editor at Southern Living (Andy Bechtel, Editor's Desk, 5-2-13)
• Check the facts: 10 tips for copy editors (Pam Nelson, ACES, 1-2-12)
• Survey Finds Slack Editing on Magazine Web Sites (Stephanie Clifford, NY Times, Business, 2-28-10)
• Student guest post: Can an app replace a copy editor? (Andy Bechtel, Editor's Desk, 2-11-13). In January 2013, "the Washington Post released a prototype of its new TruthTeller app . This app fact checks a live political speech, with the help of PolitiFact, and The Washington Post." A supplement, not a replacement for copy editors.
• How Did This Happen? (Clark Hoyt, NY Times, 8-1-09) on a NY Times writer who didn't get the heavy fact-checking she always needs
• 7 ways to make your work easy to fact check (Laura Shin, Poynter, 9-17-12)
• Muphry’s Law (Canberra Society of Editors)
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Embargo on press releases, rationale for (PLoS). Breaking an embargo is a journalistic no-no, with good reason.

Esquire's 70 Greatest Sentences Esquire, 10-1-03). Seventy lines that sparkle, invoke, provoke, or are just damn enjoyable to read.

Fiction about journalism and journalists

• Tom Rachman's top 10 journalist's tales (Tom Rachman, The Guardian, 7-27-11
• Top 10s: newspaper novels (Kimbofo, Reading Matters, 7-28-11)
• Steve Weinberg's list of his favorite journalism novels (ASJA Monthly, April 2014)
• Mystery writer Michael Connelly on newspaper novels
• Michael Hastings’s ‘Last Magazine’ Shows War as Career Opportunity (David Carr, NY Times, 6-22-14). Read Frank Rich's interesting piece on the novel and the issues it raises.
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Five Great Stories You Didn’t Read in 2005 (Edward B. Colby, Columbia Journalism Review, 12-26-05)

5 Ways to Get People to Contribute Good Content for Your Site. Mallary Jean Tenore (Poynter Online, 11-11-10) gives advice on getting good user-generated content (crowdsourcing, or community editorial): "Master the 'fine art of the prompt'; understand what motivates contributors (and that "your content providers are not necessarily your content consumers") and reward them.

Foreign Reporting: We’re Missing the Story: The Media’s Retreat From Foreign Reporting (Anjan Sundaram, NY Times, Opinion, 7-25-14) Stringers provide the little deeply reported news we get from Congo, where Sundaram reported as a stringer for AP. He wrote about that experience in Stringer: A Reporter's Journey in the Congo

From Silent Mode to Heated Mode: Reconstructing the Magazine Future… the Popular Science Way. Samir Husni's interview with Mark Jannot; includes “six basic principles that underlie the Mag+ digital platform.” Sidebar: Me and My iPad, in Mr.Magazine blog

Front pages of today's newspapers (881 front pages from 91 countries, for example--sponsored by Newseum, Washington DC's most interactive museum

Generations Beat Online, e-newsletter of the Journalists Network on Generations for writers/​producers covering issues in aging and retirement, distributed with in-kind assistance by New America Media, a division of Pacific News Service. Journalists can copy the content therein and can subscribe to the excellent GBO newsletter (edited by Paul Kleyman). In the same site: Ethnic Elders Beat and Elder News Roundup.

How News Happens: A Study of the News Ecosystem of One American City (Pew Resarch Journalism Project, 1-11-10)

Journalist's Resource (Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy). Research on today's news topics.

Huffington Post's no-pay policy (an experiment in milking journalists, disguised as "citizen journalism" -- a/​k/​a "write for free")
• Why should writers work for no pay? Contributors to the Huffington Post have begun to chafe at the no-pay policy. They could take a lesson from stand-up comedians who faced a similar insult in the 1970s. (Michael Walker, OpEd, Los Angeles Times, 4-1-11)
• AOL (loves) HuffPo. The loser? Journalism. "'s already clear that the merger will push more journalists more deeply into the tragically expanding low-wage sector of our increasingly brutal economy," writes Tim Rutten(L.A.Times, 2-9-11), commenting "on the ultimate impact of AOL's $315-million acquisition of the Huffington Post on the new-media landscape."
• National Writers Union & Newspaper Guild End Huffington Post Boycott (Jason Boog, GalleyCat, 10-21-11)
• HuffPost boycott ends as company, Guild talks continue (The Newspaper Guild 10-20-11)
• Newspaper Guild Calls for Unpaid Huffington Post Writers To Strike (Jason Boog, Galley Cat 3-17-10)
• Why I Left the Huffington Post (Mayhill Fowler, blog, 9-23-10)
• HuffPo’s “Citizen Journalism” Under Fire (Rachelle Matherne, SixEstate Communications 2-15-11)

Journalism publications
• American Journalism Review (AJR)
• Columbia Journalism Review (CJR)
• Editor & Publisher (E&P), which may discontinue publishing
• The IRE Journal
• News Watch, which publishes a Diversity Style Guide
• Online Journalism Review (OJR), focusing on the future of digital journalism
• Quill Magazine (SPJ)
• Uplink

LGBT Aging Issues Network (LAIN) and Resources Clearinghouse (brings together professionals interested in the concerns of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex individuals ages 50-plus)

Link journalism, Google's power on the Web, and the backlash against URL shortening. Start with Nicholas Carr's Rough Cuts piece, Google in the Middle, about how, as a news aggregator, Google capitalizes on the fragmented oversupply of news and the current structure of the news business. Go to Scott Karp's pieces, on Publishing 2.0: How Google Stole Control Over Content Distribution By Stealing Links ("Google isn't stealing content from newspapers and other media companies. It's stealing their control over distribution" 4-10-09) and Mainstream News Organizations Entering the Web’s Link Economy Will Shift the Balance of Power and Wealth (10-16-08). As Karp points out in his April piece, the backlash against URL shorteners (see Joshua Schacter's blog on url shortenders) and site framing (see Joshua Topolsky on Why Engadget is blocking the DiggBar) "is all about who controls the links, and which links Google is going to read and credit." We'll no doubt be seeing more stories like this one by Nicholas Kolakowski, on Publish: AP, Google Deny Conflict, But Bloggers May Be in Sights.
Later, more stories came: Scott Karp on How Networked Link Journalism Can Give Journalists Collectively The Power Of Google And Digg, Mindy McAdams on Link journalism: Credibility and authority), Jack Lail in Link journalist , Josh Catone,ReadWriteWeb asking Link Journalism: Is Linking to News a form of journalism?, and Catone refers to the Public Editor piece in the NY Times, by Clark Hoyt: What That McCain Article Didn’t Say .
Sue Russell referred us to this excellent related batch of stories.
Loosening Lips: The Art of the Interview (Eric Nalder, Seattle Times)

Magazines Cross the Digital Divide (Keach Hagey, WSJ, 1-18-13). Print publishers have a long, love-hate relationship with electronic media, dating back to the dawn of the internet. Buffeted by declining advertising, magazines are turning to tablet computers and digital editions to boost circulation revenue. In doing so, they are hoping to reset decades of subscription discounting.

Magazine Ad Slump Sends Publishers Into Freefall (Tim Mulaney, Bloomberg, 2008)

Media Myth Alert. Joseph Campbell's blog sums up myths reported in his book Getting It Wrong: Ten of the Greatest Misreported Stories in American Journalism. Tom Ashbrook interviews Campbell about the myths on NPR's radio program On the Point: When the Media Got It Wrong.

Mediashift: Your Guide to the Digital Revolution (PBS), hosted by Mark Glaser. Check out such pieces as
• Rethinking the Role of the Journalist in the Participatory Age by Alfred Hermida, 7-9-10
• WikiLeaks, iPhone Incidents Show that U.S. Needs Shield Law by by Clothilde Le Coz,7-1-10
• 5Across: Beyond Content Farms by Mark Glaser, 7-27-10. "Content farms or mills churn out massive amounts of content tailored to Google searches. But the approach to churning out that content varies from how-to articles (Demand Media), vertical topics (High Gear Media), hyper-local ( and sports (Bleacher Report, SB Nation). And at some sites, writers get paid a small amount, while at others they toil for free."
• Writers Explain What It's Like Toiling on the Content Farm by Corbin Hiar 7-21-10
• 5 Digital PR Lessons from BP's Oil Spill Response by Ian Capstick 7-12-10.
• How to Teach Social Media in Journalism Schools (by Alfred Hermida, 8-30-10)

Nearly 100 Fantastic Pieces of Journalism (Conor Friedersdorf, The Atlantic, 5-4-11). These must-reads are his personal picks for the best nonfiction of 2010. Happy reading!

New American Media (expanding the news lens through ethnic media)

News Feature v. Narrative: What’s the Difference? (Rebecca Allen, Nieman Storyboard, 1-9-06). Excellent explanation and examples.

Newswise Theme Wires Calendar. Professional journalists can sign up to receive Newswise news alerts, access to embargoed news, and contact info for expert sources. There is a Daily Wire, a Science Wire, a Medical Wire, a Life Wire, and a Business Wire.

The Paper Trail Through History (Jennifer Schuessler, NY Times on Books, 12-16-12). Ben Kafka in his book The Demon of Writing: Powers and Failures of Paperwork, "traces the modern age of paperwork to the French Revolution and the Declaration of the Rights of Man, which guaranteed citizens the right to request a full accounting of the government." (He writes of one clerk in France who in 1794 is said to have saved hundreds of people from the guillotine by disappearing the relevant paperwork.) Lisa Gitelman, who is writing a book about the history of documents, points out that photocopying (as Daniel Ellsberg did with the Pentagon Papers), is one aspect of document leaking that historians have not paid attention to, but “Even though we think of copying now as perfunctorily ripping something off, [Ellsberg] was expressing himself by Xeroxing,”

PowerReporting (Bill Dedman's excellent resources for journalists). He's no longer updating links, but those new to journalism should check out such gems as:
• Web treasure hunt (10 questions to test newsroom literacy)
• Power Reporting, newsroom training in computer-assisted reporting, writing and editing (bring his seminars to your newsroom)
• Sample guidelines on Internet use in the newsroom (old but still helpful)

Poynter (rich daily resource on journalism, from the Poynter Institute, trainer of journalists). Here's a history.

Process Journalism. Instead of the finished story as posted in a print newspaper in, say, 1980, fully researched and reported and fact-checked and final, stories on the Web are being reported as they are investigated. Here are some pieces online about process journalism (which seems to be different from link journalism but I'm not sure how):
•Product v. Process Journalism: The Myth of Perfection v. Beta Culture (Jeff Jarvis, guesting on The Huffington Post)
•The Imperatives of the Link Economy (Jeff Jarvis, The Buzz Machine), who compares the content economy and the link economy. "Links are a key to efficiency. In other words: Do what you do best and link to the rest." And: "The market needs help finding the good stuff; that curation is a business opportunity."
•Get the Tech Scuttlebutt! (It Might Even Be True.)(Damon Darlin, Ping, NY Times)
•The Morality and Effectiveness of Process Journalism (Michael Arrington, TechCrunch)
•Bloggers Defend 'Beta' Journalism (Nicole Ferraro, Internet Evolution).

Reporting on Suicide website. Download PDF of Recommendations for Reporting on Suicide (PDF, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention)

Solutions Journalism. Here's an example, which Tina Rosenberg recommended: Seeking Safety, a series in the Fayetteville Observer, which serves as a model for solutions journalism (in this case to address the crime problem in Fayetteville): "Investigative reporter Greg Barnes spent a year traveling around the southeast writing about what other cities were doing that had evidence of success. No advocacy, very strong journalism, big impact."

State of the News Media 2011. The Pew Project for Excellence in Journalism reports that people are spending more time with news than ever before, but are increasingly doing so online. Of all the traditional media, the audience for AM/​FM radio has remained most stable. Interesting report.

Tangled Web. Victor Navasky and Evan Lerner report on a Columbia Journalism Review Survey, which finds that magazines are allowing their Web sites to erode journalistic standards. See also the full CJR report: Magazines and Their Web Sites (click on opening page to get text).

Top 30 Job Sites for Careers in Broadcast Journalism (Molly Canfield, Journalism Journeyman 6-14-11)

A Vanishing Journalistic Divide (David Carr, NY Times, 10-10-10). "Open up Gawker, CNN, NPR and The Wall Street Journal on an iPad and tell me without looking at the name which is a blog, a television brand, a radio network, a newspaper. They all have text, links, video and pictures. The new frame around content is changing how people see and interact with the picture in the middle." Carr goes on to point out what traditional journalism does that the others don't and why we should be glad it still exists.

Video Journalism
Citizen Tube
Pulitzer Center: Tips for Video Journalists (part of YouTube Reporters' Center) "The golden rule in video journalism is that you never have enough B roll."
Using Google Maps in your online coverage (IJNet)

Journalism schools, degrees, and training
• How NPR's Next Generation Radio, which trains young journalists, has evolved since 2000 (Doug Mitchell, IJNet, 7-16-14)
• BBC Academy. The College of Journalism, part of the BBC Academy alongside the Colleges of Production and Technology, oversees training for BBC News staff. This website focuses on core skills, safety, specialist areas, legal and ethical issues, and houses the News style guide. It's a site about BBC journalism.
• (SPJ for the Council of National Journalism Organizations)
• Best Schools for Journalism (Jeremy Porter, poll results, Journalistics, 7-6-09)
• The Definitive Guide to Online Journalism Degrees & a Career as an Internet Journalist (Molly Canfield)
• The Best Online Journalism Degrees (Molly Canfield)
• News University (Poynter's online courses, inexpensive and often free, with funding from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation)
• How to Become a Journalist (College Boards)
• You Just Graduated From Journalism School. What Were You Thinking? (Michael P. Ventura, The Village Voice 7-28-09). J-School students try to stay upbeat about their future and their industry
• Letter to a Young Journalist (Lane DeGregory, Gangrey, 9-16-13). Wonderful advice for journalists of any age.

100 Exemplary College Newspapers for Journalism Students (Heather Silver, A lot of work went into compiling this list, with descriptions. Good work, Heather.

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Journalism organizations

• American Association of Sunday and Feature Editors (AASFE)
• American Copy Editors Society (ACES)
• American Jewish Press Association
• American Press Institute (API), training and professional development
• American Society of Business Publications Editors (ASBPE)
• American Society of Journalists & Authors (ASJA), professional association of freelance/​independent journalists and nonfiction book writers, who share info about markets, writing rates, contracts, editors, agents, etc. Members have access to samples of successful query letters and book proposals, among other resources. Non-members may attend the annual conference (Saturday), which is preceded by a more advanced day for members only (Friday), and followed by longer, more targeted workshops for everyone, on Sunday .
• American Society of Magazine Editors (ASME), the editorial part of Magazine Publishers of America(MPA)
• American Society of News Editors (ASNE)
• Asian American Journalists Organization (AAJA)
• Associated Collegiate Press (ACP), for U.S. college student media
• Associated Press Media Editors (APME)
• Associated Press Photo Managers (APPM(
• The Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC)
• Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC)
• Association for Women in Sports Media (AWSM)
• Association for Women Journalists (AWJ-Chicago)
• Association of Alternative News Weeklies (AAN)
• Association of Capitol Reporters and Editors (Capitolbeat)
• Association of Food Journalists (AFJ)
• Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ), helpful for anyone reporting on health and medical news and issues, staff or freelance
• The Association of Independents in Radio (AIR)
• Authors Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS) (UK)
• Broadcast Education Association (BEA)
• Association of Schools of Journalism and Mass Communication (ASJMC)
• California Chicano News Media Association (CCNMA), Latino Journalists of California
• Canadian Association of Journalists (CAJ)
• Casey Journalism Center on Children and Families
• Center for Citizen Media (encouraging grassroots media, especially citizen journalism, not to be confused with Huffington Post, which means not getting paid to write)
• Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA), dedicated to improving U.S. efforts to promote independent media in developing countries around the world
• Center for Investigative Reporting (CIR), investigative reporting on the Web
• The Center for Public Integrity (CPI), a US-based nonprofit investigative journalism organization whose stated mission is "to reveal abuses of power, corruption and dereliction of duty by powerful public and private institutions in order to cause them to operate with honesty, integrity, accountability and to put the public interest first." Here's Wikipedia entry on and how CPI is funded .

• College Media Advisers (CMA)
• Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), Defending journalists worldwide.
• Council of National Journalism Organizations (CNJO)
• Criminal Justice Journalists. See CPJ's blog.
• CyberJournalists.Net (Online News Association, with tips, news, commentary re online and citizen journalism and digital storytelling)
• Dart Center for Journalism & Trauma (a resource for journalists who cover violence)
• Design & Artists Copyright Society (DACS, UK)
• Displaced Journalists (a community where displaced journalists find common ground and "begin to pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off and get on with our lives and livelihoods")
• Editorial Photographers (EP)
• Education Writers Association (EWA)
• Food and Environment Reporting Network (FERN) , independent, nonprofit news organization that produces investigative reporting on food, agriculture, and environmental health
• Fund for Investigative Journalism (FIJ), supporting investigative reporting projects around the world
• Gen Beat Online(. Generations Beat Online (GBO), the e-newsletter of the Journalists Network on Generations for writers/​producers covering issues in aging and retirement
• Independent Press Association (IPA)
• Independent Press Institute (IPI), aiming to strengthen community voices and empower the media that serve them, New York Community Media Alliance.
• Inland Press Association (IPA)
• International Center for Journalists (ICFJ) (excellent resources)
• The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ, the world's best cross-border investigative team, a project of the Center for Public Integrity)
• International Journalists' Network (IJNet)
• International Reporting Project (IRP), a project at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University that aims to fund independent journalistic coverage of "under-reported" events around the world (e.g., ten journalists are brought to the IRP office in Washington, D.C. to participate in a five-week overseas reporting project, and 24 "gatekeeper editors" are selected to visit countries of importance in the news)
• International Society of Weekly Newspaper Editors (ISWNE)
• Inter American Press Association (IAPA)
• International Women's Media Foundation (IWMF)
• Investigative News Network (INN), helps nonprofit news organizations become sustainable
• Jazz Journalists Association (Jazzhouse)
• Journalism & Women Symposium (JAWS), which has a JAWS Camp (Conference and Mentoring Project) that sounds interesting but produced a tee shirt that I inherited in a White Elephant exchange--the ugliest such tee shirt I've ever seen.
• Journalism Education Association (JEA), scholastic journalism and media education
• (managed by SPJ for the Council of National Journalism Organizations)
• Kid Magazine Writers (about writing for children and teen magazines--includes guidelines for many publications)
• Los Angeles Press Club
• Media Bloggers Association (MBA)
• Military Reporters and Editors (MRE)
• National Association of Black Journalists (NABJ)
• National Association of Hispanic Journalists (NAHJ)
• National Association of Real Estate Editors (NAREE), for journalists covering real estate and home and urban design
• National Association of Science Writers (NASW)
• National Center on Disability and Journalism (NCDJ) (provides info and resources for all journalists, including style guidance--what language to use that is not offensive to the particular group)

• National Center for Business Journalism (, at Arizona State University)
• National Conference of Editorial Writers (NCEW)
• National Federation of Press Women (NFPW)
• National Institute for Computer-Assisted Reporting (NICAR), IRE's arm for training and a database library
• National Lesbian & Gay Journalists Association (NLGJA)
• National Newspaper Association (NNA), community newspapers
• National Newspaper Publishers Association (NNPA), The Black Press of America, a federation of black-owned U.S. newspapers
• National Press Club, a private club for journalists and communications professionals,“The Place Where News Happens" (mostly through luncheon speeches)
• National Press Association (NPA) (We make journalists better)
• National Press Photographers Association (NPPA), "The voice of visual journalism"
• National Religious Broadcasters (NRB)
• National Scholastic Press Association (NSPA)
• National Society of Newspaper Columnists (
• National Scholastic Press Association (NSPA), for high school journalists
• National Union of Journalists (NUJ), UK and Ireland
• National Writers Union (NWU) (United Auto Workers Local 1981)
• Native American Journalists Association (NAJA)
• Network of Hispanic Communicators
• New American Media (NAM) (national collaboration and advocate of 2000 ethnic news organizations, providing Ethnic Media in the News, Collaborative Reporting and many other resources).
• (testing open-source reporting)
• New England Newspaper and Press Association (NEN&PA)
• The Newspaper Guild (Communications Workers of America) and The Guild Reporter
• New York Association of Black Journalists (NYABJ)
• New York Financial Writers Association (NYFWA)
• North American Agricultural Journalists (NAAJ)
• Ochberg Society for Trauma Journalism . See its magazine Act of Witness: Covering Trauma, Conflict, and Human Rights (Trauma journalism gets personal) and its blog.
• Online News Association (ONA)
• Organization of News Ombudsmen (ONO)
• Outdoor Writers Association of America (OWAA), an international, professional association of outdoor communicators, outdoor companies and outdoor industry service providers
• Pen & Pencil Club (in Philadelphia--oldest continuously operating press club in America)

• Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism
• PJNet (Public Journalism Network, an information clearinghouse for public, citizen, representative journalism)
• The Poynter Institute
• Professional Writers Association of Canada (PWAC), formerly Periodical Writers Association of Canada
• Project for Excellence in Journalism (Pew Center's
• ProPublica (journalism in the public interest -- a nonprofit investigative journalism organization)
• Public Radio News Directors Incorporated (PRNDI)
• Quill and Scroll (International Honorary Society for High School Journalists)
• Reclaim the Media (grassroots organizing for social change through media justice--expanding communication rights of ordinary citizens)
• Religion Newswriters Association (RNA)
• The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press
• Reporters Without Borders (for freedom of information -- press freedom index, by year; Internet enemies (by country)
• RTDNA, Radio Television Digital News Association (formerly Radio-Television News Directors Association)
• Reporters Without Borders (for press freedom). The U.S. ranks 47th on its Press Freedom Index (2011-2012)
• Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy
• Society for News Design (SND), for editors, designers, graphic artists, publishers and other media professionals
• Society for Features Journalism (SFJ), formerly the American Association of Sunday and Features Editors
• Society of American Business Editors & Writers, Inc. (SABEW)
• Society of American Travel Writers (SATW)
• Society of Environmental Journalists (SEJ)
• Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ), Sigma Delta Chi
• Society of Professional Obituary Writers (writing about the dead for a living)
• Solutions Journalism Network (rigorous coverage of how people are responding to problems). Here's an example: Seeking Safety
• South Asian Journalists Association (SAJA)
• Southern Newspaper Publishers Association (SNPA)
• Special Libraries Association, News Division
• Suburban Newspapers of America (SNA)
• United Nations Correspondents Association (UNCA, whose links spin their wheels when I click on them at http:/​/​​).
• UNITY,Journalists of Color
• U.S. Basketball Writers Association
• Washington Center for Politics & Journalism
• Western Knight Center for Specialized Journalism (Knight Digital Media Center)
• White House Correspondents' Association (WHCA)
• Wired Journalists,(home of collaborative journalism, a Publish2 network)
• World Press Institute (WPI)
• Writers Guild of America (WGA)
• Youth Media Organizations (local and national youth-led media organizations identified by youth researchers at The Freechild Project -- including Appalachian Media Institute (AMI), HarlemLIVE, and Teen Voices).

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• The Art and Craft of Feature Writing, by William E. Blundell (saying that reporting and writing are part of the same process, equally important)

• The Art of Fact: A Historical Anthology of Literary Journalism, ed. Kevin Kerrane and Ben Yagoda

• The Beholder's Eye: A Collection of America's Finest Personal Journalism, ed. by Walt Harrington (first-person stories in which the narrators shaped what they saw and reported, were touched or changed by the experiences they reported, and who borrowed storytelling techniques from fiction (scene, action, description, dialogue, character, and plot).

• The Bloomberg Way: A Guide for Reporters and Editors by Matthew Winkler. Read this interesting story (and review) by Jodi Enda (AJR, 3-1-11). While other organizations were firing, Bloomberg was hiring. It has a style and approach all its own for writing about business and money, including this (from Enda): "Show" with facts and anecdotes, "don't tell" with characterizations and labels.

• Creative Interviewing: The Writer's Guide to Gathering Information by Asking Questions, by Ken Metzler (required reading for info-gathering interviews)

• The Elements of Story: Field Notes on Nonfiction Writing, by Francis Flaherty

• Intimate Journalism: The Art and Craft of Reporting Everyday Life, ed. Walt Harrington (the how-to's of human interest reporting)

• Journalism Next: A Practical Guide to Digital Reporting and Publishing by Mark Briggs, author of Journalism 2.0: How to Survive and Thrive

• Literary Journalism, ed. Norman Sims and Mark Kramer (includes essays by John McPhee, Susan Orlean, Tracy Kidder, Ted Conover, Richard Preston, Joseph Mitchell, Calvin Trillin, Adrian Nicole LeBlanc, David Quammen, Brent Staples, Joseph Nocera, Mark Singer, and Walt Harrington)

• Literary Nonfiction: Learning by Example, ed. Patsy Sims (with selections by includes selections by Madeleine Blais, Tim Cahill, James Conaway, Joan Didion, David Finkel, Jon Franklin, Tom Hallman, Jr., Walt Harrington, Tracy Kidder, Jane Kramer, John McPhee, Michael Paterniti, Mike Sager, Susan Sheehan, and Tom Wolfe)

• The New New Journalism: Conversations with America's Best Nonfiction Writers on Their Craft,Robert S. Boynton (excellent and new, from broad picture down to how they organize their notes, what color pens they use, and other nuts and bolts details)

• Oxford Dictionary of Journalism by Tony Harcup (with a slant toward British journalism and a handy companion website with journalism URLs

• Reality Radio: Telling True Stories in Sound edited by John Biewen\

• Sound Reporting: The NPR Guide to Audio Journalism and Production by Jonathan Kern

• Story Building: Narrative Techniques for News and Feature Writers, by Ndaeyo Uko

• Telling True Stories: A Nonfiction Writers' Guide from the Nieman Foundation at Harvard University, ed. Mark Kramer, Wendy Call
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Tom Brokaw's Five Picks
Five books that Tom Brokaw says provide a "peerless portrait of journalism's high aims and low comedy":

1. The Boys on the Bus by Timothy Crouse (Random House, 1973)

2. All the President's Men by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein (Simon & Schuster, 1974)

3. Scoop by Evelyn Waugh (Little, Brown, 1938)

4. Murrow by Ann M. Sperber (Freundlich, 1986)

5. Amusing Ourselves to Death by Neil Postman (Viking, 1985).

The Journalistic Essay

Jack Hart, when he taught the journalistic essay at The Oregonian, found these books useful:

· Phillip Lopate, ed. The Art of the Personal Essay: An Anthology from the Classical Era to the Present (Lopate's introduction especially)

· Robert Vare, ed. The American Idea: The Best of The Atlantic Monthly

· Joyce Carol Oates and Robert Atwan, eds. The Best American Essays of the Century.

Will journalism survive? In what form?

What are some alternatives, as the advertising-pays-for-print-journalism model stops working? Am providing links here to some of the many debates and articles circulating on this topic -- most recently, therefore at the top:

Riptide: An oral history of the epic collision between journalism and digital technology, from 1980 to the present (Nieman Lab, September 2013). Three veterans of digital journalism and media — John Huey, Martin Nisenholtz, and Paul Sagan, Fellows at the Joan Shorenstein Center at the Harvard Kennedy School — interviewed dozens of people who played important roles in the intersection of media and technology — from CEOs to coders, journalists to disruptors. Riptide is the result: more than 50 hours of video interviews and a narrative essay that traces the evolution of digital news from early experiments to today. It’s what really happened to the news business.

The decootification of media companies (Jeff Jarvis, Buzz Machine, 8-5-14). Do read this one. " companies do not have the stomach, patience, capital, or guts to do the hard work that is still needed to finish turning around legacy media. So they spin them off. What used to be Gannett, Tribune, Scripps, and Belo are now TV companies. What used to be News Corp. and Time Warner are now entertainment companies — companies that might merge not, in my opinion, because that’s such a wonderful deal but because the best path they see to growth is not innovation there either but instead cutting costs and consolidating negotiating power to outmaneuver (with help from legacy telcos) the Netflixes of the future. "

The Economist hosts online debates on the future of news (July 7 to Aug. 3, 2014) (ijnet) What business models will best serve news firms? How important is objectivity in the news industry? Is the power of the press now diminished? And how much does that matter? See related story What is the future of news? (The Economist 7-7-11)

Small Pieces, Loosely Joined: On the End of Big News (Nicco Mele, Nieman Reports, Spring 2013). Fascinating analysis of what's happening to newspapers, and especially to investigative journalism--with some hints of new ways to support it.

Change Starts Small: The Texas Tribune Chooses Efficiency Over Size (Kate Galbraith, Nieman Reports, Spring 2013)

“The Story of a Lifetime” (David L. Marcus, Nieman Reports, Spring 2013) Boston Globe editor Brian McGrory on the Boston marathon bombings, paywalls, misinformation, and social media

Low pay or no pay, but exposure. Discussions about writing for low pay or no pay, partly for the "exposure, " can get fairly heated. Here are a few examples.
• A Day in the Life of a Freelance Journalist—2013 (Global Editor of the Atlantic Magazine digital edition asks Nate Thayer to write a story, for no pay. Say what?? Nate Thayer responds.)
• A Day in the Life of a Digital Editor, 2013 (Alexis Madrigal, a senior editor at The Atlantic, responds to Nate Thayer. "The biz ain't what it used to be, but then again, for most people, it never really was." And "You have to want to be jacked into the Internet all day long, every day. This is not the life most journalists imagined when they were looking at 1970s magazines." And "As a rule of thumb, it sucks to take free work from people who are freelancing for a living."
• Joe Dator New Yorker cartoon on working "for exposure".
• When People Write for Free, Who Pays? (Cord Jefferson, Gawker, 3-8-13)
• Artisanal Journalism (Reg Chua, (Re)Structuring Journalism blog, 6-11-12). Chua recommends rethinking three aspects of journalism: information gathering, presentation ("everything from a tweet to a 10,000-word piece, graphics, data visualizations, photo slideshows, documentaries and forms yet to be invented"), and publication ("not just getting it in print/​on a show/​online, but the entire process of thinking about what news product should be presented, and how. Should you report on politicians’ statements, or create a site that tracks how truthful they are? How much automation/​machine-generated content should you embrace? What focus and audience should you aim for?").

The Newsonomics of the shiny, new wrapper (Ken Doctor, Nieman Journalism Lab, 6-21-12). "Publishers are getting more aggressive about repackaging their work into ebooks, iPad magazines, and other new forms, in the hopes of creating something readers will pay for....Consumers aren’t paying just for content; they may not know or care a product’s origin. They are also paying for some sense of discovery and convenience. Credit the iPad, the table-setting, placement-rearranging marvel of our times, for this new thinking. It is making possible reader — and publisher — reassessment of news and magazine product. In a sense, the tablet is just a new container.... news and magazine design never found a metaphor that seemed pleasing for readers. Tablet design, borrowing many of the principles of print, but making use of features print could never support, connects with readers."

• Brand-Name Journalists Cross a Vanishing Journalistic Divide (David Carr, NY Times 10-20-10).

• Internet con men ravage publishing John R. MacArthur, publisher of Harper's Magazine, makes a powerful argument about how fast-talking Internet promoters have fooled publishers and writers into thinking they can make any money publishing online. (Providence Journal blog, 3-12-12). MacArthur quotes from Screened out and isolated (Tyler Brϋlι, Fast Lane columnist, Financial Times, 1-20-12). "What Brϋlι was describing was the physical manifestation of what the novelist Scott Turow calls 'siloing,' that is, the cordoning off of information and elimination of the haphazard, sometimes random, adjacencies, so vital to learning and, for that matter, romance. Adjacencies such as the story on the lower-left-hand corner of the page adjacent to the less interesting story you happen to be reading. Adjacencies such as the book on the shelf next to the book you were looking for."

• Paper Con Man Ravages the Internet Alexis Madrigal's response to John Macarthur's essay attacking the whole enterprise of online journalism (The Atlantic, 3-13-12)

A conversation with entrepreneur and software engineer Marc Andreessen. (video) On the Charlie Rose show, the founder of Netscape talks about how print newspapers are on the way out, to be replaced by a web of Internet interactivity

• All Hands On Deck: 4 Editors on the SF Chronicle Implosion (the Daily Anchor Editorial Team)

• An extremely expensive cover story — with a new way of footing the bill Zachary M. Seward, Nieman Journalism Lab. Sherri Fink's 13,000-word story about the New Orleans hospital where patients were euthanized in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, a New York Times Magazine cover story that is simultaneously available on ProPublica's site, may be "the most expensive single piece of print journalism in years." The new economics of journalism. Investigative journalism is labor-and-brain-intensive! Mother Jones on the same story: Cost of the NYT Magazine NOLA Story Broken Down (Clara Jeffery, Mother Jones 8-28-09)

Barry Diller: ‘The Internet is a miracle … Newsweek is an evolutionary process’ (L.A.Lorek, Poynter Online, 3-14-11). “We are in the very early period of a great revolution,” he said. “Once you can push a button and publish to the world you can go over the top and around all of these systems.” Diller's advice to entrepreneurs: “only get enough money to get it started, give away as little as possible, keep your head down, do not listen or talk to anybody, when it gets out there. Listen to your audience, unless it makes no sense, early audiences don’t always get you,” Diller said. “Keep going on your path. It will either work out gloriously or it will be another failure.”

• Brill's secret plan to save the New York Times and journalism itself (Stephen Brill, Romenesko, 11-08)

• Content Farms: Why Media, Blogs & Google Should Be Worried (Richard MacManus, NYTimes, 12-13-09). See also Content Mill Demand Media Expands Its Reach -- To More Newspapers! (Erik Sherman, b-net, on race to the bottom, 5-21-10)

• Craig Newmark: I Didn't Kill Newspapers, it's an "urban legend" and David Carr Agrees (Beet.TV)

David Simon's Testimony at the Future of Journalism Hearing (David Simon, Real Clear Politics, 5-9-09). Simon says, among other things, "...high-end journalism - that which acquires essential information about our government and society in the first place -- is a profession; it requires daily, full-time commitment by trained men and women who return to the same beats day in and day out until the best of them know everything with which a given institution is contending. For a relatively brief period in American history - no more than the last fifty years or so - a lot of smart and talented people were paid a living wage and benefits to challenge the unrestrained authority of our institutions and to hold those institutions to task. Modem newspaper reporting was the hardest and in some ways most gratifying job I ever had. I am offended to think that anyone, anywhere believes American institutions as insulated, self-preserving and self-justifying as police departments, school systems, legislatures and chief executives can be held to gathered facts by amateurs pursuing the task without compensation, training or for that matter, sufficient standing to make public officials even care to whom it is they are lying or from whom they are withholding information." But it is not the internet that is killing newspapers, says Simon. " industry butchered itself and we did so at the behest of Wall Street and the same unfettered, free-market logic that has proved so disastrous for so many American industries. And the original sin of American newspapering lies, indeed, in going to Wall Street in the first place....In Baltimore at least, and I imagine in every other American city served by newspaper-chain journalism, those ambitions were not betrayed by the internet. We had trashed them on our own, years before. Incredibly, we did it for naked, short-term profits and a handful of trinkets to hang on the office wall. And now, having made ourselves less essential, less comprehensive and less able to offer a product that people might purchase online, we pretend to an undeserved martyrdom at the hands of new technology."

• The Deal from Hell: A Cautionary Tale Every Publisher Should Read (Peter Cook, Publishing Perspectives, 7-5-11). Guest book review of The Deal from Hell: How Moguls and Wall Street Plundered Great American Newspapers by James O'Shea

• The Death of Journalism (Gawker Edition) by Ian Shapira (Washington Post, Outlook, 8-2-09), with follow-up discussion on Tuesday, August 4: Outlook: How Gawker Ripped Off My Story and Why It's Destroying Journalism

Editors Only: The Newsletter of Editorial Achievement (discussing the changing nature of content delivery), sister pub to STRAT: The Newsletter of Print and Online Magazine Publishing Strategy

• Disrupted: The Internet and the Press Jay Rosen and Clay Shirky discuss what's happening in journalism after its disruption by technology, conversations sponsored by NYU Journalism/​Primary Sources)

• 8 Industries That Will Sit Out a Recovery. (Rick Newman, US News & World Report). Moody's rates media as one of the industries that won't be climbing back up any time soon. "... Media. It's hard to imagine what else could go wrong for traditional print and broadcast media companies. Even without a recession, newspapers, magazines, and TV and radio broadcasters have been losing their audience to the Internet. At the same time, a crushing downturn in the retail, automotive, and financial industries has led to double-digit cuts in advertising, the biggest source of revenue for many media companies. And there's no historic election, accompanied by millions in political advertising, slated anytime soon to help pick up the slack, as there was in 2008. Many newspapers are in such bad shape that investors have virtually no interest in buying them, at any price, according to Moody's. Magazines are doing so poorly that McGraw-Hill is struggling to find a buyer for BusinessWeek, one of the most venerable titles on the market."

• The End of Hand Crafted Content (Michael Arrington, TechCrunch, 12-13-09)

• End Times:Can America’s paper of record survive the death of newsprint? Can journalism? (Michael Hirschorn, The Atlantic, January-February 2009) and End Times: A Response from the Times

• Enter Austin Post: New online venture seeks to create a 'conversational democracy' (Kevin Brass, Austin Chronicle, 7-10-09, on how "citizen journalism" may be an aggregation of "sloppy bloggers" in a system offering exposure for personal agendas instead of payment for professional journalism).

• Five questions publishers need to ask before charging for content, or Pitfalls of the pay wall. "Before they jump into charging for content, news organizations must bypass the 'quality journalism' argument and answer these five questions instead," writes Michele McLellan, and you can read about those five questions on the Knight Digital Media Center website.

Among columnists she thanks for blogging about paid content, which helped her understand the issues: Steve Yelvington (Fatal Assumptions), Steve Outing (Attributor: Will it be used for good or evil?) and Jeff Jarvis, BuzzMachine The Golden Link, on whether to charge for linking to content. (I don't know if those are the specific blogs she was grateful for, but they are interesting, and take you to those bloggers' sites.)

• Gerry Marzorati on the future of long-form narrative

• Google CEO Eric Schmidt's Q&A at Newspaper Association of America convention, on advertising, micropayments, and subscriptions (Julie Moos, Poynter Online, and you can listen to the speech)

• Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations and BoingBoing on Clay Shirky's masterpiece (with links to more Clay Shirky pieces)

• How to Save Your Newspaper (Walter Isaacson, Time) and The bell tolls for Time, too (Alan Jacobson, Brass Tacks)

• The Intelligence Briefing model of media (Conover on Media, a front-row seat at the final bonfire, 9-23-05)

• Lesson from WisconsinWatch: Nonprofit Journalism Isn't Free (Robert Gutsche Jr., Poynter Online, 8-11-09)

• Let’s Invent an iTunes for News (David Carr, NY Times, argues for a pay-for-news-by-item business model to save newspapers)

• Losing the News: The Future of the News That Feeds Democracy by Alex Jones. "[S]ignificance may not be governed by the clock. The most valuable element in journalism is often enough not an episode that occurred today, yesterday or, horrors, the day before. It’s the creation of a new awareness provided by either months of investigation or relentlessly regular coverage," writes Harold Evans in The Daily Show, his review in the NY Times of this book, which Howard Gardener calls an "authoritative account of why journalism is vital, how it has lost its bearings," and what can be done to reinvigorate this foundation of a democratic society.

• Monetize Online (Brass Tacks)

• The newspaper business isn't dying, it's evolving (Kirk LaPointe, Vancouver Sun, 5-1-09)

• Newspapers and Thinking the Unthinkable (Clay Shirky)

• The Newspaper Suicide Pact (Xark 6-3-09, on "paid content")

• Over 60, and Proud to Join the Digerati (James R. Gaines, Preoccupations, NY Times 11-28-09)

**• The Price of Truth (Monika Bauerlein and Clara Jeffery, Mother Jones, Sept/​Oct 2009). "The old model, where journalism was heavily subsidized by advertising, is over. The recession has made the divorce faster and more acrimonious, but the knives were already out. And online advertising is turning out to be a harsh mistress....Sure, information wants to be free. Alas, it's not....Reporting takes money." A concise summary of the issues.

• Priced to Sell: Is free the future? Malcolm Gladwell's review in the New Yorker of
Chris Anderson’s new book, Free: The Future of a Radical Price. See also $0.00, Virginia Postrel's review of the book in the NYTBook Review.

• The Printed Blog ("Publisher Rethinks the Daily" by Claire Cain Miller, NY Times)

• Spackman of Times Online, UK, speaks of interweaving journalism and search optimization, counsels against becoming a "traffic tart" (Martin Stabe, Press Gazette, UK)

• StreetVibes: Advocating Justice, Building Community (Gregory Flannery on a newspaper with a sense of purpose)

• Talk Radio Gets Angrier as Its Revenues Drop (FrumForum on radio hosts who believe that anger is their only path to survival)

• TimeSelect Content Freed (Holly M. Sanders, New York Post)

• True/​Slant: Angling for News Sponsors Howard Kurtz, Media Notes, Washington Post 6-8-09)

• True/​Slant Tests Another Model Of Web Journalism (Walt Mossberg,WSJ, Personal Technology, 4-8-09)

• United, Newspapers May Stand (David Carr, The Media Equation, NY Times 3-8-09)

• Urgent Deadline for Newspapers: Find a New Business Plan before You Vanish (Knowledge@​Wharton Strategic Management Research Article - Requires free membership)

• End Times:Can America’s paper of record survive the death of newsprint? Can journalism? (Michael Hirschorn, The Atlantic, January-February 2009) and End Times: A Response from the Times

• U.S. bill seeks to rescue faltering newspapers (Reuters, 3-4-09, on allowing newspapers to become nonprofits)

• Web Sites That Dig for News Rise as Watchdogs (Richard Pιrez-Peρa, NYTimes, 11-17-09,

• Storyful, a startup that started filtering videoclips about the turmoil in Egypt, is partnering with YouTube's CitizenTube, YouTube’s news and politics channel, in an experiment in teamwork to "curate" the news knowledgeably. Read Storyful Now: Egypt in Revolt (Nieman Journalism Lab, 2-4-11)

• Will paid content work? Two cautionary tales from 2004 Tom Windsor, Nieman Journalism Lab, 2-10-09

• Why Obama should stiff-arm "save the newspapers" legislation Jack Shafer, Slate, on Saving Newspapers From Their Saviours, 9-21-09)

• Why iTunes is not a workable model for the newspaper business (Clay Shirky)

• Why Small Payments Won’t Save Publishers (Clay Shirky)

• Why the End of Newspapers Is Not the End of News (Larry Kramer, The Daily Beast)

• You Can't Sell News By the Slice (Michael Kinsley, NY Times opinion page, 2-9-09)

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New forms of funding

• Kickstarter adds new categories: Journalism and Crafts
• The Guardian promotes some investigative stories funded by Kickstarter:
• StartSomeGood (crowdfunding for nonprofits, social entrepreneurs and changemakers)
• Indiegogo
• When should you use Kickstarter, Indiegogo, or Crowdtilt?
• Crowdtilt
• Retrospective collection of Kal cartoons from The Economist (the goal was $20,000, to self-publish the collection; they collected $100,219, from 1,462 backers)
• Tiny Spark . Kickstarter funded this investigative radio initiative.
• Beacon Reader (fund one writer for $5 a month; get access to every story on Beacon)

Is Free the Future?
"At a hearing on Capitol Hill in May, James Moroney, the publisher of the Dallas Morning News, told Congress about negotiations he’d just had with the online retailer Amazon. The idea was to license his newspaper’s content to the Kindle, Amazon’s new electronic reader. 'They want seventy per cent of the subscription revenue,' Moroney testified. 'I get thirty per cent, they get seventy per cent. On top of that, they have said we get the right to republish your intellectual property to any portable device.' The idea was that if a Kindle subscription to the Dallas Morning News cost ten dollars a month, seven dollars of that belonged to Amazon, the provider of the gadget on which the news was read, and just three dollars belonged to the newspaper, the provider of an expensive and ever-changing variety of editorial content. The people at Amazon valued the newspaper’s contribution so little, in fact, that they felt they ought then to be able to license it to anyone else they wanted. Another witness at the hearing, Arianna Huffington, of the Huffington Post, said that she thought the Kindle could provide a business model to save the beleaguered newspaper industry. Moroney disagreed. 'I get thirty per cent and they get the right to license my content to any portable device—not just ones made by Amazon?' He was incredulous. 'That, to me, is not a model... "
~ by Malcolm Gladwell, Priced to Sell: "Is Free the Future?" in the New Yorker

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